In 1795 Kamehameha battled with Kalanikūpule for control of O`ahu. The battle for O`ahu culminated in Nu`uanu Valley and what is today called the Pali Lookout
I woke up at 3:30 am and drove up to the Nu`uanu Pali Lookout for Ho`omana`o `Ana o Ke Kaua Lelea`anae
,the Commemoration of the Battle of Nu`uanu. I had only recently realized that the Nu`uanu Pali Lookout opens at 4:00 am. I arrived just before 4 am. It was dark, empty, wet, and very windy.
By around 5:00 am the parking lot was packed. The procession of a few dozen people made it's way from the parking lot to the lookout.
There were oli, hula, and ho`okupu. Sam Ka'ai also offered a brief history of the Battle of Nu`uanu.
Following the Commemoration, some of the organizers, Nā Papa Kānaka o Pu`ukoholā , paused to have their picture taken.
Offerings were made.
It was a windy and rainy morning. I felt for the young men who endured the cold in only their malo.
The Pali looked majestic bathed in clouds (looking towards Lanihuli).
After most of the participants had dissipated I stayed to watch the sunrise.
Rest of the pics here